Major Sins by Imam Dhahabi

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Definition:

Major sins are defined as what is forbidden by Allah عَزّ وَ جلّ and His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم in the Qur’an and the Sunnah in addition to what is narrated on the authority of early Muslims. Allah, the Most high, promises whoever avoids the major sins to expiate his minor sins. Allah, the Almighty says (what means),

{If you avoid the great sins which you are forbidden to do, We shall remit from you your (small) sins, and admit you to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise)} (An-Nisaa :31)

In this text, Allah, the Most High, also promises whoever avoids the major sins to admit him to Paradise.

Allah, the Almighty says (what means),

{Those who avoid the greater sins and indecencies, and when they are angry even they forgive;}
(Ash-Shura:37)

The Qur’an also states,

{Those who avoid great sins and indecent deeds, save lesser offences, verily thy Lord is ample in forgiveness.}                                              (An-Najm:32)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,


“The five prescribed Prayers, and from one Friday Prayer to another and from Ramadan to another
entail forgiveness for what is between them as long as you do not commit the major sins.”
 (Reported by Muslim, Tirmithi, Ibn Khuzaymah and Ahmed)

We are obliged to learn about what the major sins are, so that Muslims may avoid them. Scholars of Sacred knowledge are of different opinions about the number of the major sins. It is argued that they are only seven owing to the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه و سلم saying,

“Avoid the seven heinous sins: Worshipping others with Allah, sorcery, taking a life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice, devouring usury, appropriating the property of the orphan, fleeing from the battlefield, and charging believing women, unmindful though innocent, with adultery.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Abbas holds that they are likely counted as seventy not seven. That is a good point of view because enumeration is not intended in the Hadith.

As a matter of fact, any sin entailing either a threat of punishment in the Hereafter explicitly mentioned by the Qur’an or Hadith, a prescribed legal penalty (Hadd), or being accursed by Allah or His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم is called a major sin. We have to bear in mind that some major sins are more heinous than others. This is because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم has enlisted Shirk (worshipping others with Allah) though a polytheist will suffer eternal torture in Fire and will never be forgiven.

Allah, the Almighty says (what means),

{116. Verily! Allâh forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, has indeed strayed far away.}
(An-Nisa:116)

 

 

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About Umm Omar

I've been a Muslimah for 4 years now الحمد لله and I can say for sure that Islam changed many things in my life including my overall character and behaviour. I'm not a scholar by far, just a simple seeker of knowledge enjoying reading beneficial books and articles about my religion, the best book among all being the Qur'an, you simply can find all the answer you need if you just read it carefully and find all the explanations you need from the Sunnah of Rasoul ALLAH صلى الله عليه و سلم, i.e. ahadith without which we wouldn't be able to understand many things. I hope you'll all enjoy my blog and learn something beneficial for you. I'm quite new to blogging, so I hope you'll be patient till i learn how to make my blog look better and add more posts with time in sha' ALLAH. In conclusion, for all those who at times lose hope and feel down, one of my most favourite ayahs from the Qur'an from Surah Al Zumar: 39:53. Say: "O 'Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Do not forget the remembrance of Allâh, Verily, in the remembrance of Allâh do hearts find rest!!!

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