Major Sins by Imam Dhahabi – Killing a Human Being


Allah, the Almighty, says,

{If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein (forever); and the wrath and curse of Allah are upon him, and a dreadful chastisement is prepared for him.}(An-Nisa:93)

{Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,’ and any that does this (not only) meets punishment.} (Al-Furqan:68)

{Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind…} (Al- Ma’ida:32)

{When the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned -for what crime she was killed.} (Al Takwir:8-9)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“Avoid the seven heinous sins.”

And he mentioned taking one’s life which Allah has made sacred except in the course of justice.

It was related that someone asked the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم,

“What is the most heinous sin in the sight of Allah?” The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم replied, “To hold that Allah has an equal whereas He has created you.”. The man asked, “What else?” The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said, “To kill your  child lest he feeds with you.” The man asked, “What else?” He said, “To commit adultery with your neighbor’s wife.” (Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and An- Nasa’i)

Therefore, Allah, the Almighty, revealed,

{Those who invoke not, with Allah, any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause, nor commit fornication,. and any that does this (not only) meets punishment. (Al-Furqan:68)

It was related that the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“When two Muslims meet with drawn sword, both the slayer and the slain are in the Hell.” It was said, “0 Messenger of Allah, that is for the slayer. But why the slain?” He replied, “Because his intention was to kill the other.” (Reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, An-Nisa’i, Ibn Majah and Ibn Hibban)

Abu Suliman Al-Khitabi commented, “Such punishment does not apply to a legal and justifiable combat. They entail this abode if they fight one another out of enmity, fanaticism, to acquire some worldly benefit or a position of leadership. Thus, out of this pole is the one who fights against an aggressive Muslim if he follows the rules of fighting and the one who defends himself without intending to kill the opponent.

Whoever fights against an aggressive Muslim or a highway robber, should not seek to kill them. Rather he should try to deter him as much as he can. When they refrain we should refrain.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“You should not turn an unbeliever when I am no more (among you) and start killing and shedding blood among yourselves.” (Reported before)

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“The first thing among human beings to be adjudicated on the Day of Judgment, will be the blood claim.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

“Taking a believer’s life is more grievous in Allah’s sight than the perishing of this world.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

“The major sins are worshipping others with Allah, showing disrespect to parents, killing a human being, and breaking one’s oath.” (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

It is termed engulfing because it overwhelms its swearer in the Fire.

“For all the murders committed in this world without any justification, prophet Adam’s son, Qabil will get a share of punishment, because it was he who inaugurated the method  of killing by murdering his brother Habil.”  (Reported by Bukhari and Muslim)

If this is the abode of he who kills a covenant man then what about killing a Muslim?

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said,

“Whoever killed anyone of the people of the covenant will never get the aroma of paradise which can be smelt from forty years away.” (Reported by Bukhari)

“Whoever helps in killing a Muslim even by just a part of a word, he will meet Allah with the written phrase on his forehead “Despondent of Allah’s Mercy.”(Reported by Ibn Majah. It is a weak Hadith)

“Every sin might be forgiven by Allah except for a man dying an unbeliever or a man killing a believer deliberately.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)



About Umm Omar

I've been a Muslimah for 4 years now الحمد لله and I can say for sure that Islam changed many things in my life including my overall character and behaviour. I'm not a scholar by far, just a simple seeker of knowledge enjoying reading beneficial books and articles about my religion, the best book among all being the Qur'an, you simply can find all the answer you need if you just read it carefully and find all the explanations you need from the Sunnah of Rasoul ALLAH صلى الله عليه و سلم, i.e. ahadith without which we wouldn't be able to understand many things. I hope you'll all enjoy my blog and learn something beneficial for you. I'm quite new to blogging, so I hope you'll be patient till i learn how to make my blog look better and add more posts with time in sha' ALLAH. In conclusion, for all those who at times lose hope and feel down, one of my most favourite ayahs from the Qur'an from Surah Al Zumar: 39:53. Say: "O 'Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Do not forget the remembrance of Allâh, Verily, in the remembrance of Allâh do hearts find rest!!!

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